Autism affects approximately one out of 160 children around the world , including girls and boys of all races and in all geographic regions. It has a large impact on children, their families, communities, and societies. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of complex development disorders, which are characterized by difficulties in social interaction and communication and a restricted and repetitive repertoire of interests and activities.
Research focused on Autism Spectrum Disorders
Researchers observe test participants for several minutes while they perform a task or are confronted with changing circumstances. For instance, some situations researchers might observe include an infant being presented with novel objects, a toddler being asked to finish a difficult task, and an adolescent being brought into contact with both familiar and unfamiliar adults.
Tools to examine autism
The early detection of autism is a subject under discussion amongst many academics from different disciplines. To find answers to their research questions, a large number of researchers often compare the behavior of typically developing (TD) children to that of children with ASD. With The Observer XT, it is easy to compare different observations.
With Viso at the core of an observation lab, subjects can be observed unobtrusively. Autism researchers often wish to note events of interest related to the reaction of the child towards others in a particular circumstances. Viso further facilitates capturing actions and reactions between two or more people.
In a home environment, researchers can use our portable lab, which includes equipment such as video cameras, recording and analysis software, or Pocket Observer, for scoring behavior on a handheld device.
White paper: How to build an observation lab
An observation lab is designed to allow you to observe your test participants unobtrusively, in an environment similar to your test participant’s natural surroundings. To get off to a good start, it is best to describe the research or tests in great detail.
Download this free ‘how to’ guide to learn more about building an observation lab.
Measuring infants’ facial expressions
Baby FaceReader has been developed as a state of the art system to automatically detect infant facial expressions in order to help address questions in developmental psychology related to affect and developmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It can help analyze expressive behavior occurring in naturalistic and experimental situations and during parent-child interactions.
Why observer behavior? | Free white paper
- Why we should observe behavior. Three examples: social communication, patterns in behavior, and eye contact.
- How to observe behavior in a structured way: location, research software, pattern analysis software, and facial expression analysis.
Diverse scientific articles citing Noldus products are published in renowned journals each week. The following list is only a small selection of scientific publications in autism research.
- Corbett, B.A.; Dlain, S.D.; Loannou, S.; Balser, M. (2016). Changes in anxiety following a randomized control trial of a theatre-based intervention for youth with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, doi: 10.1177/136236131664362.
- Gangi, D.N.; Schwichtenberg, A.J.; Iosif A.-M.; Young, G.S.; Baguio F. & Ozonoff, S. (2017). Gaze to faces across interactive contexts in infants at heightened risk for autism. Autism: the international journal of research and practice. (00), 1-6. DOI: 10.1177/1362361317704421.
- Kanakri, S. (2017). Acoustic design and repetitive speech and motor movement in children with autism. Environment and Ecology Research, 5 (1), 39-44. DOI: 10.13189/eer.2017.050105
- Kirby, A.V., Boyd, B.A., Williams, K.L., Faldowski, R.A. & Baranek, G.T. (2016). Sensory and repetitive behaviors among children with autism spectrum disorder at home. Autism, 1-13, DOI: 10.1177/1362361316632710
- Muesbeck, J.; St. John, B.M.; Kant, S. & Ausderau, K.K. (2018). Use of Props During Mealtime for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders: Self-Regulation and Reinforcement. Occupational Therapy Journal of Research: Occupation, Participation and Health, 38 (4), 254-260.
- Scherr, J.F.; Hogan, A.L.; Hatton, D.; Roberts, J.E. (2017). Stranger Fear and Early Risk for Social Anxiety in Preschoolers with Fragile X syndrome Contrasted to Autism Spectrum Disorder. Jounal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, DOI:10.1007/s10803-017-3059-7.
- Purpura, G.; Costanzo, V.; Chericoni, N.; Puopolo, M.; Scattoni, M.L.; Muratori, F. & Apicella, F. (2017). Bilateral Patterns of Repetitive Movements in 6- to 12-Month-Old Infants with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1168. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01168
- Qualls, L.R. & Corbett, B.A. (2017). Examining the relationship between social communication on the ADOS and real-world reciprocal social communication in children with ASD. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 33, 1-9.
Several of these articles were used in our blog posts on autism research.