Interaction between children and their parents is a classical study object in developmental psychology, pediatrics, and child psychiatry. Surely the quality of parent-child interaction is one of the major predictors of emotional and social development of children in the first years of life. The use of video greatly expands the scope of any research project. That’s why numerous of researchers record video and use Viso® and The Observer® XT for their study.
Baby FaceReader can help analyze expressive behavior occurring during parent-child interactions. The infant facial expressions can be measured unobtrusively and give insight into the positive and negative valence of the infant.
Observing parent-child interactions
Some observe and record behavior in a stationary observation lab, while others record behavior on-site with a portable lab. Multi room labs can be designed with Viso, the multi video recording suite. Other researchers use just a camera to make video recordings, and analyze their recordings afterwards with The Observer XT. They often combine behavioral parameters with other information like parental reports, rating scales and school results.
Examples of parent-child interaction studies
- The Opportunities to Understand Childhood Hurt (O.U.C.H.) Laboratory, run by Dr. Rebecca Pillai Riddell, focuses on understanding how caregivers and children interact within the context of pain.
- At the Institute of Psychology of the University Paris Descartes in France, the general objective of Emmanuel Devouche’s research is to improve the knowledge about the exchanges of a baby within his or her social environment.
- As the best place to look at typical eating behavior is in the home, not in a lab setting, Edelson and her colleagues from the Nestlé Research Center in Sweden studied parent-child interactions during meal time using in-home studies.
- The Centre for Infant Cognition (CIC), at the University of British Columbia, in Vancouver, Canada, looked at minute eye gaze changes, hand gestures, and emotions of infants while they are observing a moral dilemma or social interaction, which is usually depicted in a puppet show.
With Viso you can make independent recordings in multiple rooms at once, with up to four Pan-Tilt-Zoom cameras in each room. When recording, you can mark with a simple click of a button events of interest per subject, or add comments.
Discover the benefits of Viso
Request a FREE demonstration to find out why Viso is the right tool for your training facility!
- Get an extensive view of the software
- See how you can seamlessly record from multiple rooms at once
- Experience the easy-of-use yourself
For each session, you can choose from any list of codes and annotate the desired behaviors. Videos with annotated markers and comments can be viewed both in real-time and after a session. The recordings are immediately available. Viso is the software that makes things easy for you.
Benefit from combining Viso and The Observer XT - the standard in behavioral research software. Markers, comments, videos, and audio recorded in Viso are quickly and easily imported into The Observer XT for analysis, visualization, and presentation. The additional behavioral coding and analysis options in The Observer XT easily turns qualitative data into quantitative results.
Would you like to know more? Read the white paper about how The Observer XT facilitates the study of parent-child interaction.
Recent blog posts on Parent-child interaction
A diverse collection of scientific articles citing Noldus products are published in renowned journals. The following list is only a small selection of scientific publications in different research fields: pediatric psychology, developmental psychology, and psychopathology.
- Bailey, J.A.; Hill, K.G.; Guttmannova, K.; Oesterle, S.; Hawkins, J.D.; Catalano, R.F.; McMahon, R.J. (2013). The association between parent early adult drug use disorder and later observed parenting practices and child behavior problems: testing alternate models. Developmental Psychology, 49(5), 887-899.
- Buil, A.; Carchon, I.; Apter, G.; Laborne, F.X.; Granier, M. & Devouche, E. (2016). Kangaroo supported diagonal flexion positioning: New insights into skin-to-skin contact for communication between mothers and very preterm infants. Archives de Pédiatrie, Volume 23, 9, 913-920.
- Edelson, L.R.; Mokdad, C.; Martin, N. (2016). Prompts to eat novel and familiar fruits and vegetables in families with 1-3 year-old children: Relationships with food acceptance and intake. Appetite, 99, 138-148.
- Freeman, S.; Kasari, C. (2013). Parent-child interaction in autism: Characteristics of play, Autism, doi 10.1177/1362361312469269
- Jant, E.A.; Haden, A.; Uttal, D.H. & Babcock, E. (2014). Conversation and Object Manipulation Influence Children’s Learning in a Museum. Child Development, 85 (5), 2029-2045.
- Lee, J.; Kotsopoulos, D.; Tumber, A.; Makosz, S. (2014). Gesturing about number sense. Journal of Early Childhood Research, DOI: 10.1177/1476718X13510914.
- Lee, R.; Skinner, A.; Bornstein M.H.; Radford, A.N.; Campbell, A.; Graham, K.; Pearson, R.M. (2017). Through babies’ eyes: Practical and theoretical considerations of using wearable technology to measure parent-infant behaviour from the mothers’ and infants’ view points. Infant Behavior and Development, 47, 62-71.
- Lunkenheimer, E.S.; Kemp, C.J.; Albrecht, C. (2013). Contingencies in mother-child teaching interactions and behavioral regulation and dysregulation in early childhood. Social Development, 22 (2), 319-339.
- Talbott, M.R.; Nelson, C.A.; Tager-Flusberg, H. (2013). Maternal Gesture Use and Language Development in Infant Siblings of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 1-11.
- Umemura, T.; Jacobvitz, D.; Messina, S.; Hazen, N. (2013). Do toddlers prefer the primary caregiver or the parent with whom they feel more secure? The role of toddler emotion. Infant behavior and development, 36, 102-114.
Several of these articles were used in our blog posts on research in parent-infact interaction.